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Tires in Lapeer, Michigan

 

Car tires are the ring shaped covering consisting of rubbers, fabric, wire, and many other components that covers the wheel rim to protect it. The tire enables better vehicle performance by absorbing some of the shocks of the road while keeping the wheel in close contact with the ground and providing traction.

Modern tires are made of synthetic (man-made) rubber, natural rubber, fabric, and wire, along with other compound chemicals. They consist of a tread and a body. The tread provides traction while the body ensures support. The overwhelming majority of car tires (99.9%) are pneumatic, or hollow and filled with a compressed gas, meaning they are made up of a doughnut-shaped body of cords and wires, wrapped in rubber and generally filled with compressed air (or Nitrogen in high-performance cars) to form an inflatable cushion.

Tires are one of the most vital parts of the handling and safety systems on vehicles today.

Taking Care of your Tires

Taking proper care of your tires is very important to making them last longer, as well as to making sure your car handles properly.

The first thing to check with any tires is that they are inflated correctly. This directly affects your cars handling and can also adversely affect your car’s gas mileage.

How to check that your tires are inflated correctly:

1. Check the tire pressure. In all four tires. Check your tire's pressure at least once a month, especially before traveling long distance or out of town. It is important to do so because tires with insufficient pressure will cause the tire to heat up and wear them much quicker. It also directly affects handling and can make it dangerous to drive!

2. Be sure to check the correct front and rear pressure of your tires. Sometimes the front and rear tires should be inflated to different pressures. The correct tire pressure for the front and rear tires can be seen on the sticker attached to the inside of the door of your vehicle, or the vehicle owner's manual.

3. Always check tires pressure when they are “cold.” This just means to check the tire pressure when the car hasn’t been driven recently, preferably not for at least 3 hours.

4 . Unscrew the valve stem cap from the valve stem on the tire. The valve stem is a black pencil-sized extension near the hubcap, about 1" (2-3 cm)

5. Press the air pressure gauge onto the valve stem and record the reading given. Pay attention to if there is a hissing sound. If so, the gauge is not tight enough for an accurate reading.

6. Check that if the reading is the same as the manual's specifications

a. If the pressures are the same as in the manual, you are done after checking all the tires for the correct pressure.

b. If the gauge shows that pressure is in any of the tires is low, then add air to the tires. Make sure you put in the correct amount, do not overfill.

7. Make sure to replace the valve cap on the tire valves. Driving the car for extended periods without a tire valve cover can result of excessive air leakage from inside the tire, resulting in a loss of tire pressure. The cap does not actually hold air in, but it keeps dirt and moisture away from the valve mechanism in the valve stem, which does hold air in.

8. Don't overload your car. Check the maximum weight that your car can safely handle. If you regularly overload the vehicle, this can cause excessive pressure on your tires, change the handling, and can create unsafe driving conditions.

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